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- Academic Publications
- Reports, Commentary, Analysis
- Course Syllabi
- Chapter 1--Elvira Díaz Vallina
- The Invisibility and the Visibility of Women in the History of Cuba
- Chapter 2--Norma Vasallo Barrueta
- Women's Studies in Cuba
- Chapter 3--Reina Fleitas Ruiz
- Gender and Reproductive Health in Cuba in the Nineties
- Chapter 4--Margarita Carmenate and Leticia Artiles Visbal
- Human Biology and Health Among Cuban Women
- Chapter 5--Therese Jennissen and Colleen Lundy
- Progress in the Face of Adversity: Cuban Women Entering the New Millenium
- Chapter 6--Norma Vasallo Barrueta
- Cuban Women and Economic Changes: The Impact on Women's Personal Experience
- Chapter 7--Milagros Martínez Reinosa
- Women and Cuban Foreign Policy: An Approximation to the Study of the Topic in the Decade of the Nineties
Primary School in Villa Santa Domingo near Parque Nacional Turquino
From Dr. Norma Vasallo, Director of Gender Studies, University of Havana:
Ecos distantes, voces cercanas, miradas feministas, Editorial de la Mujer, 2013
Libro de academica cubana pugna por "contracultura feminista"
Rebecca Herman, "An Army of Educators: Gender, Revolution and the Cuban Literacy Campaign of 1961"
Gender & History Vol.24 No.1 April 2012
While it is surely the case that gender inequality persists in Cuba, the narrative that tracks the trajectory of socialism as an inhibitor of gender equality from the days of armed struggle to the present tends to overshadow several factors at play in the consolidation of post–revolutionary society. Through a close look at women's participation in the Cuban National Literacy Campaign, this paper seeks to rescue and analyse several of those factors.
"Los Estudios de la Mujer, Mujeres y Genero en Cuba"
Dra. Norma Vasallo Barrueta
Cátedra de la Mujer
Universidad de la Habana
El tema “Mujer” en Cuba es de interés desde hace mucho, un recorrido por dos de las principales bibliotecas de nuestro país, La Nacional “José Martí” y la Central de la Universidad de La Habana, nos permitió conocer que el trabajo más antiguo que se conserva data de 1860 y se recoge bajo el título “La mujer (cualidades del carácter de la mujer)” y su autora es la destacada poetiza y dramaturga Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda.
Trade Liberalization, Food Security and the Environment: The Neoliberal Threat to Sustainable Rural Development, Carmen G. Gonzalez, Seattle University School of Law
Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 14, 2004
Abstract: This article deals with the impact of the WTO and IMF/World Bank reforms on food security and the environment, why Cuba has to date been immune from this nonsense, and what may happen when the embargo is lifted. The article is not centered on Cuba, but the section on Cuba places the Cuban experiment with sustainable agriculture in context and lays out the treacherous waters that Cuba will be navigating once the embargo is lifted.
This article examines the historic and contemporary roots of chronic malnutrition and environmental degradation in the developing world. It chronicles the patterns of trade and production that contribute to this problem from the colonial period until the present, and analyzes the role of contemporary trade, aid and development practices in ameliorating or exacerbating the problem. The article argues that the neoliberal economic reforms imposed on developing countries through the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the World Trade Organization (WTO) exacerbate hunger and environmental degradation by reinforcing pre-existing inequities in the global trading system that relegate many developing countries to the export of primary agricultural commodities as a means of generating the revenue with which to purchase food and manufactured goods. This economic specialization erodes food security and degrades the environment by replacing biodiverse agroecosystems with monocultures that require massive application of pesticides and fertilizers. The article concludes with several recommendations designed to promote food security and sustainable rural development.
Seasons of Resistance: Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security in Cuba, Carmen G. Gonzalez, Seattle University School of Law
Tulane Environmental Law Journal, Vol. 16, p. 685, 2003
Abstract: Beginning in the mid-1990s, Cuba embarked upon a transformation of the agricultural sector that has been hailed by some observers as a model of socially equitable and ecologically sustainable agriculture. Cuba shifted from an export-oriented, chemical-intensive agricultural development strategy to one that promoted organic agriculture and encouraged production for the domestic market.
This article places Cuba's agricultural reforms in historical context by examining the evolution of Cuban agriculture from the colonial period until the present through the lens of food security and ecological sustainability. The article argues that Cuba, for most of its history, was food insecure and ecologically compromised as a consequence of its dependence on one agricultural commodity (sugar) to generate the bulk of foreign exchange revenues, its reliance on imports to satisfy domestic food needs, its dependence on one primary trading partner (initially Spain, subsequently the United States and the Soviet Union), and its adoption of capital-intensive, chemical-dependent agricultural production techniques. When the collapse of the socialist trading bloc in 1990 plunged the Cuba economy into a state of crisis, the Cuban government implemented as series of reforms that diversified Cuba's economic base, diversified the range of crops cultivated, prioritized domestic food production, and promoted organic and semi-organic farming techniques. The article concludes that these reforms enhanced food security and ecological sustainability, but questions whether they will survive the lifting of the U.S. economic embargo and the reintegration of Cuba into global trade and financial institutions.
Cuban Women: History, Contradictions and Contemporary Challenges, Eds. Colleen Lundy and Norma Vasallo Barrueta, Carleton University Graphic Services, Ottawa, November 2001.
Copyright © 2001 Colleen Lundy and Norma Vasallo Barrueta
The US Women and Cuba Collaboration gratefully acknowledges the permission of Deborah Shnookal of Ocean Press to publish on our website: Vilma Espin's Cuban Women Confront the Future, ed. Deborah Shnookal.
Copyright © Ocean Press, 1990.
Cuba and the United States: A Chronological History, by Jane Franklin, 1997, is available online at her homepage in .pdf format, completely searchable. Jane is a member of the US Women and Cuba Collaboration's National Advisory Board.
As reviewed by Nancy Mikelsons: "This is one of the best research and reference tools available. Easy to use, accurate and not only should you use it on line, but buy a copy for a clear historical picture to use at events where you are introducing Cuban Revolutionary History or talking to people who need historical background to 'get on board' about the Five or any other aspect of US behavior towards Cuba."
Soft Landing in Cuba: Emerging Entrepreneurs and Middle Classes, Richard E. Feinberg
Latin America Initiative at Brookings, Nov 2013
Within the Cuban state socialist system, a dynamic independent private sector as many as 2 million strong, and middle classes possibly majoritarian in scope, are rapidly emerging to define the new Cuba. The old narrative—that Fidel and Raúl Castro had to pass from the scene before real change could occur—has been discredited by these current trends.
Women's Work: Gender Equality in Cuba and the Role of
Women Building Cuba's Future
Center for Democracy in the Americas, 2013
The Center for Democracy in the Americas (CDA) has made numerous research trips to Cuba and Chile to look at women’s participation in political leadership, women’s impact on the national economy, and their status in society. In those countries and elsewhere, we met women and girls struggling to live fuller lives while bound by male-dominated traditions, economies structured in inequality, and political systems that relegate women to second place. We encountered women working for themselves and others to achieve greater access to education, health care, economic opportunity, legal rights, and civic power—all key to improving life circumstances for themselves and others. Their commitments have inspired us.
Women with Disabilities – The Forgotten Peace Builders
Stephanie Ortoleva, Esq.
Senior Human Rights Legal Advisor, BlueLaw International, LLP
Associate, American University Center for Global Peace
Women with disabilities face unique challenges, offer unique perspectives and have the capacity to make important contributions to the peace-building and reconstruction process. They must be included to ensure that they are effectively represented and their needs and concerns are addressed.
Trends in U.S. Security Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean (May 2010)
From Just the Facts, a joint project of the Center for International Policy, the Latin America Working Group Education Fund, and the Washington Office on Latin America.
Celia Alldridge Liaison Officer, World March of Women, writes:
"Please find attached a article entitled "The Origins of International Women's Day," originally written in Portuguese by SOF. It is a text based on the findings of Renée Coté, a historian from Quebec who carried out extensive research around the origins of International Women’s Day. What she discovers is that the true origins are inserted in the history of a whole period of feminist struggle for economic and workers rights, as well as the right to vote, in the USA and elsewhere, but that have been purposely ignored and / or hidden. . . .
"2010 is the 100th anniversary of the declaration of an International Women’s Day (though not the first annual woman's day, nor the 100th anniversary of the 8th March), and [the World March of Women] would like the launch of our 3rd International Action on the 8th March 2010 to highlight the whole cycle of feminist struggle of an era of great social transformation that made International Women’s Day the symbol of women’s active and persistent participation in struggles to change their lives and society."
Women's Health USA , Including Along Mexico-US Border: A Resource
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) has recently released the eighth edition of the Women’s Health USA data book entitled Women's Health USA 2009. This data book provides readers with an easy-to-use collection of current and historical data on some of the pressing health challenges facing women, their families, and their communities.
Women's Health USA selectively highlights emerging issues and trends in women’s health. Data and information on women veterans, bleeding disorders, hearing problems, and severe headaches and migraines are a few of the new topics included in this edition. There is also a new section providing state-specific data on leading causes of death, overweight and obesity, and smoking among women.
A special supplement on women’s health along the U.S.–Mexico border is also new this year and covers a range of topics including population characteristics, health insurance coverage, and reproductive health.
This data book may be of interest to border health partners and others in the United States-Mexico border region.
"Social Medicine in Practice:
A Student Perspective on ELAM and its
Razel Remen and Lillian Holloway
Social Medicine (www.socialmedicine.info) - Volume 3, Number 2, July 2008
The Latin American School of Medicine in Cuba (called ELAM, Escuela Latinoamericana de Medicina) currently trains over 10,000 students from at least 27 countries, including the United States.
"Gender Issues in Cuba: Building Bridges—Remaining Gaps," Ana Karim, American University, Spring 2008
Ana Karim recently finished her Master's Degree in Ethics, Peace and Global Affairs at American University's School of International Studies. Her work focused on U.S. policy toward Cuba and gender issues in Cuba. She also has a Master of Divinity from Baptist Theological Seminary of Richmond and a B.S. in physical therapy from UNC. Ana has traveled to Cuba on many occasions to guide delegations of students and church groups, to be a part of fact-finding delegations, to coordinate American University's study abroad program in Havana the spring of 2008, and to visit relatives.
Opting for Engagement: A WOLA Report on International
Engagement, April 9, 2008
This report looks at the variety of ways other nations engage with Cuba and draws lessons from these experiences that will be crucial to U.S. policymakers looking toward the next chapter in US-Cuba relations.
"Face to face with the Blockade," Elson Concepcion
Interview with 13-year-old Raysel Rojas, Cuban recipient of an international award on the environment who was not able to receive his prize.
Cuestionario enviado a los gobiernos sobre la
aplicacion de la plataforma de accion de beijing (1995) y
los resultatdos. Pais: Cuba.
Documento de la ONU
Sheryl Lutjens, Professor and Director
Department of Women's Studies
California State University, San Marcos